Cattedra di Urbanistica del Mondo Classico
Cattedra di Urbanistica
Muro Leccese messapica
Comune di Muro Leccese
Comune di Muro Leccese
Welcome

 

 

Before Muro

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

            The archaeological investigations realized in the last years at Muro Leccese by University of Salento in hold collaboration with the Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici della Puglia and with Muro Leccese Common allowed to write the ancient history of the city, communicated with a series of , and created the premises for the formulation of a .

            The history of Muro Leccese begins in the VIII century B.C., when an iapigian village, made by huts distributed like 'stain of leopard' on a vast surface nucleuses, occupies the territory. The location and the extension of the village coincide partly with those, well known, of the following messapic city. Together with the locally producted pottery, vases of Greek production are, connected with the consumption of wine, and probably arrived in the 'salentina' peninsula through the harbour of Otranto.

            In the second half of the VI century B.C., parallelly to what happens in other centers of Messapia, signs of a first deep transformation of the iron age village are. Residences with rectangular plan replace huts and the use of stone for the structures prevails on wood and clay. The construction of roads and the programmed organization of the spaces testify the development of a new organization in urban sense, also confirmed by the presence of a more articulated community under social and economic aspect. Residences, graves and imported Greek pottery document the formation of noble groups endowed with a dominant role on the community and that use typical of the Greek aristocracies forms for self-representing. The first attestations of writing appear, in messapic language and with religious and funeral character. The inhabited area seems nevertheless to still preserve the articulation like 'stain of leopard' of the preceding phase.

            In the second half of the IV century B.C. the ancient inhabited area of Muro Leccese receives a new transformation. The construction of the powerful walls with blocks, whose rests still today 'mark' the landscape of Muro, defines and delimits the new urban area, that seems to focus in an only well defined space abandoning some peripheral nucleuses. The architectural characteristics of the walls, thick 3 meters, tall 7 and long almost 4 kilometers, and the planning of their layout points out the notable charge possibility and the strong political control of the group who has drawn the new form of the city. Its extension (107 hectares) now puts it among the most important centers of Messapia, close to Ugento and Rudiae. Contacts with the Greek world seem to lose intensity: the locally producted pottery prevails on the imported one and the technique of construction of the houses is the same as in the archaic period. The construction of noble funeral nucleuses inside the walls testifies a persistence of the aristocracies.

            The clash between Rome and Messapi at the half of the III century B.C. directly and in heavy way involves Muro Leccese, surely besieged, conquered and ransacked by the Roman troops. This event marks the end of the messapic city in how much such, even if the inhabited area shows signs of a limited life continuity in single sectors. These last will represent the nucleuses which will give place to different forms of inhabited centres in the following epochs, up to the formation of the actual historical center between the XV and the XVI century A.D.

 

 

 

Le mura messapiche

Messapic Walls

 

Unione Europea

Unione Europea

  Archeopuglia
Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici della Puglia
  Regione Puglia
Regione Puglia
  Provincia di Lecce
Provincia di Lecce
  Università del Salento
Università del Salento

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© 2008-2012 - Il sito è realizzato da Francesco Meo con il coordinamento scientifico della Prof.ssa Liliana Giardino
Testi ed immagini a cura del Laboratorio di Urbanistica del Mondo Classico - Università del Salento